Amanda Kramer

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Country: USA

Faculty Advisor: Jie Zhuang

Institution: University of Tennesee

Program of Study: Biosystems Engineering and Soil Sciences



The invasion by Russia of Ukraine focuses on regions rich in fossil fuels, indicating economic motivations. The economic and political ramifications of this conflict threaten global food security both directly through the disruption of trade of agricultural products such as wheat and sunflower oil, and indirectly through the availability of potassium and nitrogen fertilizers and the loss of labor due to civilian evacuations. The damage done and yet to come underscores the imminent need to replace fossil fuels with alternative and diverse energy sources to remove market demand for fossil fuels and reduce monetary motivations of potential future conflicts.